This is a Blog for those interested in following hard after His heart. Those willing to strive to live a moment by moment life as we go through the transformation process with Him. It is not an easy life but the Father expects each of us to become an offering for His pleasure. So, if this is you, then let’s journey together hand in hand. I am humbled that you have chosen to walk with me. Thanks!
Study 0 From The Book of Numbers
is: The Introduction of the Book
In the book of Numbers, the
narrative of Israel’s journey from Egypt, interrupted at the foot of Sinai (Ex.
19) for the giving of the law, is resumed. The history, however, is throughout
the book alternated with further laws and enactments. The book is a story of failure. The people are brought to the edge of the
promised land, but owning to unbelief and disobedience are prevented from
entering it. Then follows the long forty
years of wandering in the wilderness, passed over almost in silence, except for
one or two incidents. Finally, the people come again to Kadesh-Barnea, the
whole generation that came out of Egypt as adults being dead, with three
exceptions. Their first conquests are
recounted, and their destiny foretold in the mysterious prophecies of Balaam.
Study 21 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Revision of the book of Hebrews
With the revision of the book of Hebrews we end the study today and will delve into the book of Numbers tomorrow.
1.Review the doctrinal teaching of this Epistle. See the Introduction and Analysis. List the ways in which what is ours under the new covenant is better than the things which the Israelites enjoyed under the old covenant. What do we have to do to gain full possession of these benefits? Why is rejection of them so serious?
2.Consider the positive exhortations to be found in the following passages: 2:1; 4:1, 11, 14, 16; 6:1; 10:22-24; 12:1, 28; 13:17, 22. Which of these exhortations do I particularly need to heed, and to act upon?
1.1: 1-2:18 Christ the perfect Revealer, better than angels (a) as the Son of God (1:5-14); and (b) as the Son of man (2:15-18).
2.3:1 – 10:18 Christ the perfect Redeemer, better than Moses (3:1-6) and better than Aaron (a) in His Person and character (4:14-5:10); (b) in the ‘order’ of His Priesthood (7:1-25); and (c) in His ministry (8:1-9:12) and in His offering (9:13 – 10:18).
3.10: 19-12:29 Practical teaching.
4.13:1-25 Final counsels and greetings.
Within this outline are contained five passages of solemn warning:
1.2:1-4 Against the danger of drifting.
2.3:7-4:13 Against the danger of missing God’s promised rest.
3.5:11-6:20 Against the danger of losing salvation.
4.10:26-39 Against the danger of drawing back.
5.12: 25-29 Against the danger of refusing to hear God’s final word.
Study 20 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 9:25
1.What decisive choice and action
are here demanded of the first readers of this Epistle between their old Jewish
associations and their new Christian allegiance? What comparable choices do
those who wish to follow Christian still have to make today?
2.Verses 15, 16, 20, 21. What may we count on God to do for us, and
why? What is the purpose in view? What sacrifices may we now offer in God’s
service? How far is this purpose finding fulfilment in my life?
Study 19 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 13:1-8
1.List detail the various aspects
of Christian duty which are here enjoined or implied. Examine your own life and
circumstances in order to discover ways in which your practical obedience is
2.Verses 5, 6, 8. What makes the
Christian adequate to face every possible circumstance? Why is here for him
nothing to fear, and no one who can really harm him? For his encouragement what
use may he make of the Old Testament Scriptures?
3.Verse 7. In what ways should Christian
leaders, whose life on earth has ended, be remembered?
Study 18 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 12:18-29
1.Verses 18-24. List the ways in which our Christian
privileges under the new covenant excel the experiences of the Israelites at Sinai.
Of what ought we by faith deliberately to be conscious when we draw nigh to God
through Christ and His shed blood?
2.Verses 25-29. What is there said to be impending and
inescapable? How do we know this? Cf. Mk. 13:31; 2 Peter 3:9-14. How, in
consequence, ought we to live our present earthly lives?
1.Verse 23. ‘the assembly of the
firstborn’: i.e., the church (Greek, ecclesia) of the privileged who have a
heavenly inheritance and whose names are written in heaven. Cf. Lk. 10:20; Rev. 21:27.
2.Verses 23. ‘The spirits of just
men made perfect’: i.e, either Old Testament saints or all the faithful
Study 17 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 12:1-17
1.Verses 1-4. What quality does
the Christian race particularly demand?
What conditions must be fulfilled if it is to be run successfully? How
may I gain the help I need to finish my course?
2.Verses 5-11. For what purpose
does God in His providence order some of the earthly experiences to His
children? What goal has He in view for
us? Upon what kind of response from us foes our full enjoyment of benefit
3.Verses 12-17. What dangers beset those who are spiritually
slack and careless? How may a whole group be affected by one renegade? What
practical steps to avoid these dangers are here (either explicitly or
Study 16 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 11:23-40
1.Verses 23-28. Note how Moses’
faith gave him the twofold awareness and assurance emphasized in verse 1. What choices did such faith lead him to make
(a) concerning the world in which he had grown up, and (b) concerning the cost
of siding with the Israelites? How ought similar faith to affect my attitude
towards the interests to which I choose to devote my life?
2.Verses 28-31. What different steps
and stages of faith and its expression are illustrated by these four instances?
What kind of faith did the capture of Jericho demand? Cf. 3:14; 6:11, 12;
10:35, 36. Is my faith at all weak in this last quality?
3.Verse 32-40. These verses give a summary of the
achievements and the sufferings of the men and women of faith. Note that the
victories are of all kinds; and that the most outstanding witness is given by
the ‘martyrs’ who suffered and died rather than deny their faith. In what ways am I more privileged than they?
Would I be ready to follow their example, or does their faith put mine to
Study 15 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 11:1-22
1.Faith deals with things unseen
and things future, and, in particular, with the living God and His faithful
doing (verses 1, 6). It is sure of the present reality of the one, and of the
coming fulfilment of the other. Notice in detail how these characteristics of
faith were exhibited in the lives of the individuals here mentioned. What does this teach me I need to covet if my
life is to please God?
2.Verses 7-16. To what should faith in God take heed, and
what does its full expression involve? Where is the crowning fulfilment of its
hopes to be enjoyed? How should such awareness affect my present outlook,
action, and attitude to life?
3.Verses 17-19. What apparent
contradiction was involved (as Abraham at first saw it) between God’s promise
and God’s command concerning Isaac? How did Abraham’s faith in God triumph over
this test, and what new hope did Abraham have in God?
Study 14 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 10:19-39
Having finished his doctrinal
exposition, the writer proceeds to give practical counsel for the life we are
to live under the new covenant.
1.Verses 19-25. How are we here exhorted to give expression
to our faith, hope and love? Seek in
your own life to discern ways in which these exhortations demand your
2.Verses 26-39. For those who have God-given light concerning
the way of salvation, what is the only alternative to going on with God? Why
are its consequences so serious? On what grounds does the writer here expect,
and appeal for, the best from his readers?
1.Verse 22. As the high priest
and his sons at their consecration for service in the earthly sanctuary were
washed with water and sprinkled with the blood of sacrifice (Ex. 29: 4, 21), so
we in ‘heart’ and ‘body’ (that is,
inwardly and outwardly, in our whole being) have been ‘sanctified’ by Christ’s sacrifice.
2.Verses 26, 29. The writer has in mind deliberate and
persistent apostasy—self-chosen denial and defiance of both the Son of God and
the Spirit of grace. The closing words of verse 26 mean that no second atoning
sacrifice is provided for those who reject the sacrifice of Christ and His
Study 13 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 10:1-18
1.Write down as many contrasts as
you can find between the sacrifices of the Tabernacle and the sacrifice offered
by Christ. Why did the latter succeed where the former failed?
2.What consequences of Christ’s
sacrifice (a) are enjoyed by Him, and (b) can be enjoyed by us?
3.To what truths does the Holy
Spirit bear witness in the Old Testament passages which are here quoted?
1.Verses 5-9. The truth
emphasized here is that a moral act of personal obedience has superseded ritual
ceremonies, which in themselves had no inherent worth. They were only ‘a shadow of the good things
to come’ (verse 1).
2.Verses 1, 10, 14. ‘Perfected’
and ‘sanctified’: the meaning is that by
Christ’s one sacrifice we are brought for ever into a perfect, unalterable
relationship of acceptance with God and consecration to His service. No further
offering for sin is necessary (verse 18).
Study 12 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 9:15-28
1.Verses 15-23. What are the reasons why Christ’s death was
necessary? Of what benefits can we be sure because it has occurred?
2.Verses 24-28. What differences
are here indicated between what the Jewish high priest did an what Christ has
done? What are the consequences of Christ’s one sacrifice of Himself? How can
it affect what happens to us when this life is over?
Note. Verses 15-22. According to ancient practice covenants were
sealed in blood, by the symbolic introduction of the death of the parties
making it. Also, once a transgression of
a covenant obligation had been committed, death became necessary for a second
reason, to pay the penalty of such failure.
So, ‘without the shedding of blood there is not forgiveness of sins’.
Study 11 From The Book of
Hebrews Is: Hebrews 9:1-15
1.Verses 1-10. In what respects
did the earthly sanctuary and its ceremonies come short, and for what reasons?
2.Verses 11-15. In what ways is
the ministry which Christ fulfilled superior to, and more effective than, the
Levitical ceremonies? List its
1.Verse 9. “Perfect the conscience’: i.e free it from
guilt and defilement, or ‘purify’ it (verse 14).
2. Verse 12. The Greek does not say that Christ
took blood into God’s presence, like the Levitical high priest took blood into
the inner shrine (verse 6). Rather He entered ‘through’ His own blood, i.e., on
the ground of His death or shed blood.
For by this the veil had been rent which shut men out. Cf. Mk. 15: 37, 38; Heb. 10:19-22
1.Verses 1-6. Jews were used to seeing Levitical priests
fulfil their ministry in an earthly sanctuary.
As Christian they needed to appreciate that Christ’s ministry in
different and ‘much more excellent’ (verse 6). In what ways is this true? What
is the significance of His being already seated at the right hand of God’s
throne (verse 1)? Cf. 10:10-14; 4:14-16;
2.Verses 7-13. Why did the first covenant fail? Was there
anything wrong with it? In contrast to it, in what ways does the new covenant
meet our need, give us ‘better promises’ (verse 6), and make success certain?
Note. Verse 10-12.
Experimental progress into the enjoyment of the blessings of the new
covenant is best appreciated from the bottom to the top as (a) forgiveness of
sins, (b) personal knowledge of the Lord, (C) covenant relation to Him, (d) the
indwelling Spirit turning the external restraint of the law into an internal
constraint to do God’s will.
Study 8 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews 7:1-14
1.Verses 1:10. On what grounds is
Melchizedek said to be greater than Abraham and consequently superior to the
Levitical priesthood? By what the scriptural record both does and does not tell
us about him, in what ways is Melchizedek made to resemble the Son of God?
2.Verses 11-14. Why could not
Jesus possibly be a priest after the order of Aaron? What does the promise in
the Old Testament of a new order of priesthood (see Ps. 110:4) imply concerning
the existing Levitical priesthood? If the priesthood is changed, what must
inevitably be changed as well?
1.Verse 1. ‘This Melchizedek,
king…priest’: among the Israelites these two offices were never held by the
2.Verse 2 ‘First…righteousness,
and then … peace’: Is. 32:17.
3.Verses 12. The priesthood was so fundamental to the old
covenant between God and His people, that any change in the order of priesthood
must of necessity involve a change in the whole constitution; i.e., it implies
nothing less than an accompanying new, and indeed better, covenant. See 7:22.
Study 7 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews
1.Verses 9-12. What gives the
writer confidence concerning his readers’ final salvation? In what ways does he desire to see improvement
in their Christian living? Examine yourself to see in which of these
characteristics you are strong or weak.
2.Verses 13-20. If we have made
Christ our refuge, what three unshakable grounds of assurance have we that our
confidence and hope will not disappoint us? In what ways is Jesus Himself like
an anchor? What benefits does He guarantee?
1.Verses 10-12. Note the mention
of love, hope and faith. Cf. 1 Thes. 1:3; 5:8
2.Verse 12. ‘Sluggish’: 5:11 the
same Greek adjective is translated ‘dull’. Other renderings are ‘lazy’ or
3.Verse 11, 12. ‘Until the end’;
… and patience.’ This is an emphasis typical of this letter. Cf. 3:14; 6:15;
Study 6 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews
5:11 – 6:8
1. 5:11-14. What is he writer’s complaint about
his readers? What does he imply are the conditions of spiritual growth? By
these standards, considering how long I have been a Christian, by this time
what ought I to be?
2.6:1-8. What teaching constitutes the foundation of
the gospel? See Acts 2:38; 20:21; 26:18. What reason is given here for not
laying this foundation again? What were
the only possibilities now open to such people?
1.5:11. As the writer is about to
begin his exposition of the Melchizedek priesthood of Christ, he is arrested by
a sense of the difficulty of expounding it to those who have become spiritually
so dull of hearing.
2.5:14. Note the practical
evidence of maturity. Cf. Is. 7:16.
3.6:4-8. To understand these verses, compare the
writer’s earlier reference to the Israelites in the wilderness. It was impossible for Moses to take them back
into Egypt, and to bring them out through the Passover and the Red Sea a second
time. Either they must go on with God
and enter in, or come under God’s judgment, and be finally shut out. See
Study 5 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews
4:14 – 5:10
1.4:14-16. What truths concerning our Christian High
Priest are we here exhorted to confess, and what consequents privileges open to
our enjoyment are we here exhorted fully to possess?
2.5:1-10. What qualifications for high priesthood are
set forth in verses 1:4? How are these
possessed by Christ as a higher level and a fuller way than could ever be true
of a Levitical priest? What benefit can He consequently make ours, and on what
1.The order of treatment in 5:1-4
is reversed in 5:5-10. The three points
dealt with are (a) function, (b) understanding sympathy, (c) appointment to
2.5:3. Every Jewish high priest
was ‘bound to offer sacrifice for his own sins’. Contrast 4:15. Jesus was sinless.
3.5:7-9. These verses give an amazing insight into our
Lord’s true humanity and earthly humility.
Study 4 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews 3:7
1.3:7-4:2. What is the danger
against which we are here warned? Why
were the Israelites overtaken by it in the wilderness? How may we avoid similar
2.4:1-13. In what ways does God
use His Word in His dealing with us? What promise of His still stands open for
our enjoyment? What are the conditions of obtaining its fulfilment in our
experience? Can any avoid having dealing with Him?
Note. 3:12, 13; 4:1. In each of these verses an exhortation is
addressed in the plural to the many, exhorting them all to take care lest any
single one of their number fall away.
Study 3 From The Book of Hebrews Is: Hebrews 3:1-6
1.Verses 1, 6. Christians are here described as those who
confess Christ and respond to His call.
If these activities are to be fully meaningful, we must ‘consider
Jesus’s as our apostle and high priest. What, then can Christ do for us, and
what does He demand from us as (a) our Apostle, and (b) our High Priest?
2.Verses 2-5. Find three ways in these verses in which
Christ is said to excel Moses.
1.Verse 1. As ‘Apostle’ Jesus was
sent from God to men to revel; as ‘High Priest” He offered Himself for men to
God to redeem and to reconcile. C.f. 1:1, 2a, 3b; 2:3, 17; 4:14; 5:1; 8:1.
2.Verses 2-6. ‘God’s house’: this
refers to God’s people or household, not to the Tabernacle or Temple. Now it is we Christians who are God’s house.
Our heavenly calling makes us ‘holy brethren’ in God’s family (verse 1).
1.Verses 1-4. Why ought we to ‘pay the closer attention to
what we have heard’ (verse 1)? Sort out
the reasons here stated. Against what practical dangers is this warning directed?
2.What, according to the
Scriptures (e.g., Ps. 8), is man’s divinely intended destiny? How do we here
see God’s purpose for man being brought to its fulfilment? What path did the
Son of God have to tread to make it possible for sinful men to share in this
fulfilment? What, in consequence, can He now do for us?